The United States recognizes collective agreements   The existence of freedom of association does not necessarily mean that unions are automatically recognized for bargaining purposes. In particular, in systems where there are a large number of unions, pre-defined objective criteria are needed within the framework of the labour relations system to decide when and how a union should be recognized for collective bargaining. Collective agreements are, on the one hand, a union or a unit of collective agreements and, on the other hand, an employer, a company or an employer organization. Question: How can companies preserve the right to collective bargaining? This link contains a comparative table of the legal obligation to consult workers` representatives on collective redundancies: /public/english/dialogue/ifpdial/info/termination/downloads/table4.pdf Response: The ILO`s tripartite declaration on business multinationals and social policy (“MNE Declaration”) states that companies should “contribute to the implementation of the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights in the Workplace (FPRW) and its 1998 follow-up. “I`m not  The FPRW examines the importance of respect for freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining as well as other “fundamental labour standards” with regard to child labour, forced labour and non-discrimination. Companies should “also respect the commitments they have made freely in accordance with national law and international commitments.”  Promoting the recognition of the right to collective bargaining in the supply chain can be an effective way to contribute to the implementation of the 1998 declaration. Question: Do companies have a responsibility to promote or respect collective bargaining with respect to the principle of “promoting collective bargaining”? To what extent should a company be proactive in promoting the principle? Is it sufficient to negotiate collective agreements when workers demand it? or should a company also encourage collective bargaining between its employees and in its supply chain? In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions.