Agreements such as the one India has just signed with Japan systematize the procedure for the reciprocal delivery of goods and services relevant to the operations of the two militaries, within predefined accounting parameters. This differs from such an exchange, which takes place on an ad hoc basis, as has been the case in the past. Simply put, these agreements, while important, are far from being a “military pact” (with all its connotations), as the Nikkei Asian Review described it, except perhaps in a very literal sense. The fact that India and Japan signed this agreement – which has been under negotiation for some time – in the midst of the India-China crisis in eastern Ladakh, has given exciting context to a bland agreement. In a statement to the press, India`s Foreign Ministry noted that Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his counterpart, abe Shinzo, are leaving. agreed that the agreement will further enhance the depth of defence cooperation between the two countries and contribute to peace and security in the Indo-Pacific region. Interestingly, the Japanese Foreign Ministry spoke of the agreement`s ability to allow the Japanese and Indian militaries to contribute to “international peace and security,” without mentioning any theater in particular. When I had the 24th I discovered on these pages that one of the reasons why India has entered into a “fundamental” defense cooperation agreement with the United States – including a logistical agreement – attracts so much political attention domestically, because “the texts of these agreements – or even official summaries – remain closed and fuel suspicion in a country that deeply protects its sovereignty and independent foreign policy.” Indeed, without a draft 2016 U.S.-India Logistics Exchange protocol from 2016, some analysts have confused it with a “status of forces” agreement on the creation of rights and everything that would be part of it. Amid rising tensions between India and China along the Line of Effective Control, which is likely to intensify, the Indian Navy will have access to the Japanese base in Djibouti with CASA with Japan and the Japanese will have access to the Andamans and Nicotics. As reported by Financial Express Online, AcSA (AcSA) will have access to the provision of supplies and services during bilateral exercises and training, UN peacekeeping operations and other humanitarian activities. Such an agreement is also known as the Mutual Logistics Services Pact – which India already has with some countries, including the United States, France and Australia. And a similar deal will be discussed with Russia and discussed when heads of state and government meet next month in New Delhi for the annual summit.
This agreement will also improve interoperability between the armed forces of India and Japan and, within the framework of the special strategic and global partnership between the two countries, there will be a significant increase in defense operations at the bilateral level. The Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA) is negotiated on a bilateral basis between the United States and its NATO allies or coalition partners, which allow U.S. forces to exchange the most common types of support, including food, fuel, transportation, ammunition, and equipment. The agreement in no way obliges a country to act militarily. The ESAs also exist between third countries. Japan and South Korea have both formed ACSA with countries other than the United States.  Prior to the annual Indo-Japan summit, an agreement was reached in New Delhi on the reciprocal supply of supplies and services between the armed forces of the two countries. . . .